Yesterday was the 20th anniversary of Rwandan Genocide, one of the worst genocides of the 20th century (classified 7th in the top 10 of the worst genocides).
Rwanda was a Belgian colony and accessed independence July 1st, 1962. During the Belgian occupation, the settlers privileged the Tutsi community at the expense of the Hutu community. The Hutu took the power in 1960 and the Tutsi have fled into Uganda, but in 1990 the country is invaded by Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) mainly composed of the Tutsi who were in Uganda.
An agreement has been signed in 1993 to stop the civil war but has never been respected. On April 6th 1994, the Rwandan president, who was a Hutu, is killed in an attack and the Tutsi are accused; this event is the trigger of Rwandan genocide. The following day, the Tutsi have been hunted all over the country. This “hunt” lasted 100 days killing almost 800,000 people (11% of country’s population). Mid July, the armed forces who opposed the government are victorious and the genocide was stopped, however, this event is still in Rwandan peoples memories and the country is still in a “healing phase”.
Yesterday, in his speech, Rwandan president accused France and Belgium of triggering this Genocide.